Acute coronary syndrome (SKA) is a condition when the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked. SKA is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
In the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) report, coronary heart disease included in acute coronary syndrome was the most common cause of death after stroke and hypertension . Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome as early as possible. The following are typical symptoms of acute coronary syndrome that you need to be aware of.
Symptoms of the typical acute coronary syndrome (SKA)
One of the typical symptoms of heart disease is chest pain. However, in the case of SKA this perceived chest pain feels more intense. This was justified by Dr. Ade Meidian Ambari, Sp. JP when met in South Jakarta, on Monday (18/02).
In the meeting entitled Handling SKA at the Pre-Hospital Stage in Indonesia, dr. Ade stated that chest pain due to SKA was felt behind the breastbone like being pricked and overwritten by heavy loads. The pain that appears generally also radiates to the left arm, neck, shoulders, back, jaw, to the pit of the stomach.
“Usually this pain lasts more than 20 minutes. Continuous chest pain. If in the medical world, chest pain is typical of heart disease called angina pectoris (seated wind), “said Dr. Ade who is a member of the Indonesian Cardiovascular Specialist Association (PERKI).
Acute coronary syndrome can also be followed by other symptoms such as cold sweat, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cramps, dizziness, weakness, until fainting.
However, the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome in the elderly and young women are usually not specific as mentioned above. As a result, the elderly and young women need to be more careful in recognizing the symptoms of this disease.
Acute coronary syndrome is a medical emergency
A person who presents with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome must immediately get medical help. If the patient does not immediately get medical treatment, the risk of the patient experiencing complications is very high.
Dr. Ade said that the g olden period, aka the golden period of this condition is 12 hours after the patient complains of symptoms. During this time, patients must be immediately taken to the nearest Emergency Room (IGD) and get reperfusion therapy, which is the process of opening the blocked blood flow.
The faster the patient gets medical treatment, the faster the blocked blood vessels will be repaired. This means that the chances of patients experiencing recovery are also getting bigger.
“Twelve hours is a very good time for us (the medical team) to do reperfusion. If it passes from 12 hours, the complication is even more severe, “explained Dr. Ade.
Some of the complications of SKA that can be experienced by patients if they get late medical treatment include:
- Arrhythmia. Artemia is a problem in the heart that is characterized by an abnormal heart beat or rhythm, can be too long, fast, or irregular. This condition occurs because electrical impulses that function to regulate the heartbeat do not go well. As a result, the patient’s heart rate and rhythm become irregular.
- Heart failure. This condition occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood properly because the heart muscle is too weak. As a result, blood flow from the heart to the lungs is blocked causing a buildup of fluid in the lungs. This fluid buildup can cause shortness of breath, swelling (edema), until chest pain is getting heavier. In severe cases, heart failure can cause death.